For those of you planning a trip to Athens this summer you may be interested in a visit to the new permanent exhibition at the Byzantine & Christian Museum.
The museum website (which is pretty slow) describes the background to the exhibition as follows:
“The gradual loss of Byzantine territory began as early as the 11th c. but gained momentum from 1204 onwards, culminating in the final loss of Constantinople in 1453. This process helped to create a complex social and political system in the Eastern Mediterranean region.
The populations who lived in Byzantine territory, whether Greek or otherwise, experienced these gradual but decisive changes in a variety of ways. In the Venetian-held areas living side by side with Westerners led to the creation of new social and cultural structures: Byzantine tradition and the Greek language encounter, sometimes with glorious results, the beginnings of the European Renaissance. This is evident in the urban centres of Crete and the Cyclades, the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese.
On the other hand, in areas which came under Turkish rule, the local populations become part of the administrative system of another empire. Under this regime all the “Rum” (Romioi, i.e. the mostly Orthodox Christians, regardless of ethnic origins or language) were subjects of the Ottoman sultan with the Ecumenical Patriarch as their religious leader. In those days the Orthodox Church was an institutional part of the Ottoman state. At the same time it was a point of reference for the Christians: a nexus preserving Byzantine tradition, Greek Orthodox instruction and the Greek language, which would go on to contribute to the creation of a Greek national identity.”
The exhibition features the Museums Post Byzantine Collections on the sections/themes:
- Venetian Rule and the Greeks
- Society and art in Venetian Crete
- Painting in the Ionian Islands: A justifiable hybrid
- From antibolon to icon
- The Ottoman conquest and the ‘Genos’
- The Communities of the Romioi
- Aspects of Everyday Life
- Church: Place of worship/site of social cohesion
- Monasteries: Flowering and brilliance
- The polymorphism of the 18th century
- The printed book and the New Hellenism
- Religious painting in the Hellenic State
- Byzantium and Modern Art
Enjoy the exhibition and don’t forget your gas mask!